Ayurveda literally means ’Science of Life”. Thos who practice Ayurveda believe that there are three basic energies called doshas presents in every person, namely the Vata dosha, the pitta dosha and kapha dosh.
Vata dosha refers to the energy that controls the bodily functions associated with motion, such as blood circulation and breathing, Pitta dosha is believed to control the metabolic system of the body, and kapha dosha refers to the energy that controls growth in the body. It supplies water to all body parts, moisture the skin, and maintains the immune system.
The constitution of doshas differs from person to person and is known as prakruti. Although we are all born with all three doshas, they combine together differently in each one of us, and it is this unique combinations that makes who we are and different from each other. The belief i that whiles everyone has all three doshas, one or two out of the three may be dominant.